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Too Much Concentration?
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Erk Russell, the iconic coach with legendary stops at The University of Georgia and Georgia Southern, once said, "The best way to win the game is not to lose a game. The best way not to lose a game is to be fundamentally sound." I could not agree more. It is the same in the investment world.
One of the fundamentals of proper investing is diversification. However, despite the proven risk-reducing benefits of diversification, many portfolios are under diversified. A concentrated stock position is natural for the founder of a company, or for executives who are expected to own stock to keep their interests aligned with shareholders. Inheritance and exercise of stock options also can leas to concentration in too few stocks.
A portfolio dominated by a single asset is risky. But one may recognize the risk of a concentrated position and still be unwilling to take action. The tax costs of diversification are real, and they can be a deterrent to sound investment management. An owner may need to keep shares to retain voting control, or because of "company politics." Finally, there is often an emotional attachment to stock that has played an important role in establishing financial success.

Look for the warning signs
When is a position concentrated? No single definition is appropriate, but, generally, if much more than 10 percent of your net worth is tied to a single company, caution is needed. You may need to become concerned about a concentrated stock position when:
• The stock has outperformed the market significantly. Few stocks can go up indefinitely.
• The stock has started to lag the market. Could this signal the start of an extended period of underperformance?
• You plan to retire within ten years. Large positions need to be unwound in an orderly fashion over time for optimum results.

Consider these strategies
When you've concluded that it's time to do something about a concentrated stock position, consider these alternatives.
• Begin selling gradually over time. The current low rates on long-term capital gains may represent a historic opportunity to convert some of your shares to cash with a minimum tax drag. Sales can be handled in an orderly fashion - for example, a sale of a certain number of shares each month or each quarter.  If taxable losses have been incurred in other parts if the portfolio, they may be used to reduce further the tax costs of diversifying the concentrated position.
• Exit on a tax-favored basis with a charitable remainder trust. You can meet multiple planning objectives with a charitable trust. Major philanthropic goals can be met, even as an income is reserved for yourself or other beneficiaries. Income tax deductions are available upon funding the trust, and all capital gains taxes are avoided. Potential death taxes (estate or inheritance taxes) are reduced as well.

Do you have concentrated stock position? Is the position large enough to justify the costs of hedging? Could you diversify simply by investing new money in other securities? If any of these questions come to mind, consider speaking with an investment professional about your current holdings.

So take a tip from Erk. Never forget the fundamentals. They are what lay the foundation for success.

Securities: Are Not FDIC Insured   Not Bank Guaranteed   May Lose Value  
Not Bank Deposits  Not Guaranteed by Any Government Agency

Asset Allocation cannot guarantee a profit or protect against loss.

Securities are offered by, and Financial Consultants are registered with UVEST Financial Service, member FINRA/SIPC. UVEST and The Heritage Group are independent entities.

(August 2005)
(c) 2006 M.A. Co. All rights reserved.
Any developments occurring after January 31, 2006, are not reflected in this article.
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