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Spring brings more birds to Liberty
The ruby throated hummingbird can be found in coastal Georgia in the spring. - photo by Jeff Jones

The weather is finally starting to warm up again and we’re all ready to go out and enjoy our beautiful piece of the Georgia coast.

Joining us in that sentiment are our feathered friends. With our mild climate and variety of habitats, Liberty County lends itself as a popular home for birds all year. If you’ve taken a minute to sit outside, you’ve probably heard the sweet songs of the birds’ choir and seen the bright splashes of color that are their plumage.

 The spring migration will bring the first visitors to the coast, after their winter vacations in Florida, the Caribbean Islands and Central and South America. Among those first visitors are painted buntings. The brilliantly colored songbirds, which literally look like the bird has been splashed with paint, are actually the mature males. Younger males and females are more camouflaged.

The females like to build their nests in the Spanish moss of maritime oak forests that are found on the coast. Painted buntings are common in coastal Georgia as the habitat suits them and they typically winter in south Florida, Mexico and Cuba.

Redheaded woodpeckers are a common species in Georgia and year-round residents. These are easy to spot due to their red heads but they are even easier to hear. Their rhythmic pecking of a tree is often the giveaway one is in the area.

Red headed woodpeckers are omnivorous, dining on earthworms and bugs, as well as seeds and berries. These birds prefer open groves or wooded areas, which may be why they are often seen in our neighborhoods.

Shorebirds, like the great egret, wood storks and white ibis, all love the marshes, swamps, rivers and canals of coastal Georgia, making them year-round residents, too. They feed off of the little fish flowing through these bodies of water. Mature birds have no predators and can live well into their 20s.

The black-crowned night heron and great blue heron are more species of shorebird that inhabit the low-lying areas on the coast. Black-crowned night herons are striking birds that have a black “cap” of feathers on their heads and contrastingly bright eyes while.

Great blue herons are a duller blue-grey and are the largest herons in North America. Great blue herons will eat a variety of foods, allowing them to live in all kinds of habitats year-round.  You may have seen both species of these feathered friends standing motionless in a ditch or on a dock hunting for their food, as they like to dine on fish, frogs, snakes and shellfish.

Georgia is home to multiple species of hummingbirds, too, the ruby throated species being the most common. These tiny migrants arrive to the Georgia coast in late February or early March and stay until the fall.

We love to see the ruby throated hummingbird flitting around backyard feeders and in gardens. Native plants to the coast like azaleas, honeysuckle and Rose of Sharon are excellent plants to attract hummingbirds.

The roseate spoonbill with its pink feathers stands out in our coastal marshes. Another wading bird like the herons, egrets and storks, these birds also eat a diet of shellfish and other water animals. While their pink feathers and desire to live in warmer climates might suggest they are a relative to the flamingo, they are actually not. 

As we venture more into spring, head out to Fort Morris, a stop on the Colonial Coast Birding Trail. This historic site on the Liberty County coast is a favorite for those who love the outdoors with its pristine view of the Medway River and St. Catherines Island, in addition to the species of birds that frequent the area.

Midway is Cay Creek Wetlands Interpretive Center is another stop for birding enthusiasts. The walk across multiple ecosystems will provide a chance to see several different species of birds and other animals.


This article is from the Liberty County Convention and Visitors Bureau.

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